lambert.soiltemp {agridat}R Documentation

Average monthly soil temperature near Zurich

Description

Average monthly soil temperature near Zurich, at seven depths, averaged over four years.

Format

A data frame with 84 observations on the following 3 variables.

month

month

depth

depth in soil (feet)

temp

temperature (the units are "du Crest")

Details

This is one of the earliest time series in scientific literature.

These data show the monthly soil temperature near Zurich, averaged over four years (beginning in 1762), at 7 different depths.

The temperature measurements are related to the 'du Crest' scale. (The measurements do not seem to be exactly according to the du Crest scale. If you can read German, use the Google books link to see if you can figure out why.) Even the scale on Lambert's own graph doesn't match the data.

Greater depths show less variation and a greater lag in temperature responsiveness to the air temperature.

This data also appears in Pedometrics, issue 23, December 2007. But, the formula for converting the temperature does not make sense and the data in Table 1 do not directly match the corresponding figure.

Source

Johann Heinrich Lambert (1779), Pyrometrie. Page 358. https://books.google.com/books?id=G5I_AAAAcAAJ&pg=PA358

Graph: https://www.fisme.science.uu.nl/wiskrant/artikelen/hist_grafieken/begin/images/pyrometrie.gif

Examples


library(agridat)
# Reproduce Lambert figure 39.

data(lambert.soiltemp)
dat <- lambert.soiltemp

# Make 3 cycles of the data so that the loess line bends back up at
# month 1 and month 12
dat <- rbind(dat, transform(dat, month=month-12),
             transform(dat, month=month+12))
libs(lattice)
xyplot(temp ~ month, dat, group=depth, type=c('p','smooth'),
       main="lambert.soiltemp",
       xlim=c(-3,15), ylab="Soil temperature (du Crest) at depth (feet)",
       span=.2, auto.key=list(columns=4))

# To do: Find a good model for this data

[Package agridat version 1.18 Index]