aftgee {aftgee} R Documentation

Least-Squares Approach for Accelerated Failure Time with Generalized Estimating Equation

Description

Fits a semiparametric accelerated failure time (AFT) model with least-squares approach. Generalized estimating equation is generalized to multivariate AFT modeling to account for multivariate dependence through working correlation structures to improve efficiency.

Usage

aftgee(
formula,
data,
subset,
id = NULL,
contrasts = NULL,
weights = NULL,
margin = NULL,
corstr = "independence",
binit = "srrgehan",
B = 100,
control = aftgee.control()
)

Arguments

 formula a formula expression, of the form response ~ predictors. The response is a Surv object with right censoring. In the case of no censoring, aftgee will return an ordinary least estimate when corstr = "independence". See the documentation of lm, coxph and formula for details. data an optional data.frame in which to interpret the variables occurring in the formula. subset an optional vector specifying a subset of observations to be used in the fitting process. id an optional vector used to identify the clusters. If missing, then each individual row of data is presumed to represent a distinct subject. The length of id should be the same as the number of observations. contrasts an optional list. weights an optional vector of observation weights. margin a sformula vector; default at 1. corstr a character string specifying the correlation structure. The following are permitted: independence exchangeable ar1 unstructured userdefined fixed binit an optional vector can be either a numeric vector or a character string specifying the initial slope estimator. When binit is a vector, its length should be the same as the dimension of covariates. When binit is a character string, it should be either lm for simple linear regression, or srrgehan for smoothed Gehan weight estimator. The default value is "srrgehan". B a numeric value specifies the resampling number. When B = 0, only the beta estimate will be displayed. control controls maxiter and tolerance.

Value

An object of class "aftgee" representing the fit. The aftgee object is a list containing at least the following components:

coefficients

a vector of initial value and a vector of point estimates

coef.res

a vector of point estimates

var.res

estimated covariance matrix

coef.init

a vector of initial value

var.init.mat

estimated initial covariance matrix

binit

a character string specifying the initial estimator.

conv

An integer code indicating type of convergence after GEE iteration. 0 indicates successful convergence; 1 indicates that the iteration limit maxit has been reached

ini.conv

An integer code indicating type of convergence for initial value. 0 indicates successful convergence; 1 indicates that the iteration limit maxit has been reached

conv.step

An integer code indicating the step until convergence

References

Chiou, S., Kim, J. and Yan, J. (2014) Marginal Semiparametric Multivariate Accelerated Failure Time Model with Generalized Estimating Equation. Life Time Data, 20(4): 599–618.

Jin, Z. and Lin, D. Y. and Ying, Z. (2006) On Least-squares Regression with Censored Data. Biometrika, 90, 341–353.

Examples

## Simulate data from an AFT model with possible depended response
datgen <- function(n = 100, tau = 0.3, dim = 2) {
x1 <- rbinom(dim * n, 1, 0.5)
x2 <- rnorm(dim * n)
e <- c(t(exp(MASS::mvrnorm(n = n, mu = rep(0, dim), Sigma = tau + (1 - tau) * diag(dim)))))
tt <- exp(2 + x1 + x2 + e)
cen <- runif(n, 0, 100)
data.frame(Time = pmin(tt, cen), status = 1 * (tt < cen),
x1 = x1, x2 = x2, id = rep(1:n, each = dim))
}
set.seed(1); dat <- datgen(n = 50, dim = 2)
fm <- Surv(Time, status) ~ x1 + x2
summary(aftgee(fm, data = dat, id = id, corstr = "ind", B = 8))
summary(aftgee(fm, data = dat, id = id, corstr = "ex", B = 8))

[Package aftgee version 1.1.6 Index]