IBM_2samples_test {admix} | R Documentation |

Two-sample test of the unknown component distribution in admixture models using Inversion - Best Matching (IBM) method. Recall that we have two admixture models with respective probability density functions (pdf) l1 = p1 f1 + (1-p1) g1 and l2 = p2 f2 + (1-p2) g2, where g1 and g2 are known pdf and l1 and l2 are observed. Perform the following hypothesis test: H0 : f1 = f2 versus H1 : f1 differs from f2.

```
IBM_2samples_test(
samples,
known.p = NULL,
comp.dist = NULL,
comp.param = NULL,
sim_U = NULL,
n_sim_tab = 50,
min_size = NULL,
conf.level = 0.95,
parallel = FALSE,
n_cpu = 2
)
```

`samples` |
A list of the two observed samples, where each sample follows the mixture distribution given by l = p*f + (1-p)*g, with f and p unknown and g known. |

`known.p` |
(default to NULL) Numeric vector with two elements, the known (true) mixture weights. |

`comp.dist` |
A list with four elements corresponding to the component distributions (specified with R native names for these distributions) involved in the two admixture models. The two first elements refer to the unknown and known components of the 1st admixture model, and the last two ones to those of the second admixture model. If there are unknown elements, they must be specified as 'NULL' objects. For instance, 'comp.dist' could be specified as follows: list(f1=NULL, g1='norm', f2=NULL, g2='norm'). |

`comp.param` |
A list with four elements corresponding to the parameters of the component distributions, each element being a list itself. The names used in this list must correspond to the native R argument names for these distributions. The two first elements refer to the parameters of unknown and known components of the 1st admixture model, and the last two ones to those of the second admixture model. If there are unknown elements, they must be specified as 'NULL' objects. For instance, 'comp.param' could be specified as follows: : list(f1=NULL, g1=list(mean=0,sd=1), f2=NULL, g2=list(mean=3,sd=1.1)). |

`sim_U` |
Random draws of the inner convergence part of the contrast as defined in the IBM approach (see 'Details' below). |

`n_sim_tab` |
Number of simulated gaussian processes used in the tabulation of the inner convergence distribution in the IBM approach. |

`min_size` |
(default to NULL, only used with 'ICV' testing method in the k-sample case, otherwise useless) Minimal size among all samples (needed to take into account the correction factor for the variance-covariance assessment). |

`conf.level` |
The confidence level of the 2-samples test, i.e. the quantile level to which the test statistic is compared. |

`parallel` |
(default to FALSE) Boolean to indicate whether parallel computations are performed (speed-up the tabulation). |

`n_cpu` |
(default to 2) Number of cores used when parallelizing. |

See the paper presenting the IBM approach at the following HAL weblink: https://hal.science/hal-03201760

A list of five elements, containing : 1) the test statistic value; 2) the rejection decision; 3) the p-value of the test, 4) the estimated weights of the unknown component for each of the two admixture models, 5) the simulated distribution of the inner convergence regime (useful to perform the test when comparing to the extreme quantile of this distribution).

Xavier Milhaud xavier.milhaud.research@gmail.com

```
####### Under the null hypothesis H0 :
## Simulate data:
list.comp <- list(f1 = "norm", g1 = "norm",
f2 = "norm", g2 = "norm")
list.param <- list(f1 = list(mean = 1, sd = 1), g1 = list(mean = 2, sd = 0.7),
f2 = list(mean = 1, sd = 1), g2 = list(mean = 3, sd = 1.2))
X.sim <- rsimmix(n= 1100, unknownComp_weight=0.85, comp.dist = list(list.comp$f1,list.comp$g1),
comp.param = list(list.param$f1, list.param$g1))$mixt.data
Y.sim <- rsimmix(n= 1200, unknownComp_weight=0.75, comp.dist = list(list.comp$f2,list.comp$g2),
comp.param = list(list.param$f2, list.param$g2))$mixt.data
list.comp <- list(f1 = NULL, g1 = "norm",
f2 = NULL, g2 = "norm")
list.param <- list(f1 = NULL, g1 = list(mean = 2, sd = 0.7),
f2 = NULL, g2 = list(mean = 3, sd = 1.2))
IBM_2samples_test(samples = list(X.sim, Y.sim), known.p = NULL, comp.dist = list.comp,
comp.param = list.param, sim_U = NULL, n_sim_tab = 6, min_size = NULL,
conf.level = 0.95, parallel = FALSE, n_cpu = 2)
####### Under the alternative H1 :
## Simulate data:
list.comp <- list(f1 = "norm", g1 = "norm",
f2 = "norm", g2 = "norm")
list.param <- list(f1 = list(mean = 1, sd = 1), g1 = list(mean = 2, sd = 0.7),
f2 = list(mean = 2, sd = 1), g2 = list(mean = 3, sd = 1.2))
X.sim <- rsimmix(n= 1100, unknownComp_weight=0.85, comp.dist = list(list.comp$f1,list.comp$g1),
comp.param = list(list.param$f1, list.param$g1))$mixt.data
Y.sim <- rsimmix(n= 1200, unknownComp_weight=0.75, comp.dist = list(list.comp$f2,list.comp$g2),
comp.param = list(list.param$f2, list.param$g2))$mixt.data
list.comp <- list(f1 = NULL, g1 = "norm",
f2 = NULL, g2 = "norm")
list.param <- list(f1 = NULL, g1 = list(mean = 2, sd = 0.7),
f2 = NULL, g2 = list(mean = 3, sd = 1.2))
IBM_2samples_test(samples = list(X.sim, Y.sim), known.p = NULL, comp.dist = list.comp,
comp.param = list.param, sim_U = NULL, n_sim_tab = 6, min_size = NULL,
conf.level = 0.95, parallel = FALSE, n_cpu = 2)
```

[Package *admix* version 2.1-2 Index]