TransformedBeta {actuar}R Documentation

The Transformed Beta Distribution


Density function, distribution function, quantile function, random generation, raw moments and limited moments for the Transformed Beta distribution with parameters shape1, shape2, shape3 and scale.


dtrbeta(x, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate,
        log = FALSE)
ptrbeta(q, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate,
        lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
qtrbeta(p, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate,
        lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
rtrbeta(n, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate)
mtrbeta(order, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate)
levtrbeta(limit, shape1, shape2, shape3, rate = 1, scale = 1/rate,
          order = 1)


x, q

vector of quantiles.


vector of probabilities.


number of observations. If length(n) > 1, the length is taken to be the number required.

shape1, shape2, shape3, scale

parameters. Must be strictly positive.


an alternative way to specify the scale.

log, log.p

logical; if TRUE, probabilities/densities p are returned as log(p).


logical; if TRUE (default), probabilities are P[X <= x], otherwise, P[X > x].


order of the moment.


limit of the loss variable.


The transformed beta distribution with parameters shape1 = a, shape2 = b, shape3 = c and scale = s, has density:

f(x) = Gamma(a + c)/(Gamma(a) * Gamma(c)) (b (x/s)^(bc))/ (x [1 + (x/s)^b]^(a + c))

for x > 0, a > 0, b > 0, c > 0 and s > 0. (Here Gamma(a) is the function implemented by R's gamma() and defined in its help.)

The transformed beta is the distribution of the random variable

s (X/(1 - X))^(1/b),

where X has a beta distribution with parameters c and a.

The transformed beta distribution defines a family of distributions with the following special cases:

The kth raw moment of the random variable X is E[X^k], -shape3 * shape2 < k < shape1 * shape2.

The kth limited moment at some limit d is E[min(X, d)^k], k > -shape3 * shape2 and shape1 - k/shape2 not a negative integer.


dtrbeta gives the density, ptrbeta gives the distribution function, qtrbeta gives the quantile function, rtrbeta generates random deviates, mtrbeta gives the kth raw moment, and levtrbeta gives the kth moment of the limited loss variable.

Invalid arguments will result in return value NaN, with a warning.


levtrbeta computes the limited expected value using betaint.

Distribution also known as the Generalized Beta of the Second Kind and Pearson Type VI. See also Kleiber and Kotz (2003) for alternative names and parametrizations.

The "distributions" package vignette provides the interrelations between the continuous size distributions in actuar and the complete formulas underlying the above functions.


Vincent Goulet and Mathieu Pigeon


Kleiber, C. and Kotz, S. (2003), Statistical Size Distributions in Economics and Actuarial Sciences, Wiley.

Klugman, S. A., Panjer, H. H. and Willmot, G. E. (2012), Loss Models, From Data to Decisions, Fourth Edition, Wiley.

See Also

dfpareto for an equivalent distribution with a location parameter.


exp(dtrbeta(2, 2, 3, 4, 5, log = TRUE))
p <- (1:10)/10
ptrbeta(qtrbeta(p, 2, 3, 4, 5), 2, 3, 4, 5)
qpearson6(0.3, 2, 3, 4, 5, lower.tail = FALSE)

## variance
mtrbeta(2, 2, 3, 4, 5) - mtrbeta(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)^2

## case with shape1 - order/shape2 > 0
levtrbeta(10, 2, 3, 4, scale = 1, order = 2)

## case with shape1 - order/shape2 < 0
levtrbeta(10, 1/3, 0.75, 4, scale = 0.5, order = 2)

[Package actuar version 3.1-4 Index]