eweibull {EnvStats}  R Documentation 
Estimate the shape and scale parameters of a Weibull distribution.
eweibull(x, method = "mle")
x 
numeric vector of observations. Missing ( 
method 
character string specifying the method of estimation. Possible values are

If x
contains any missing (NA
), undefined (NaN
) or
infinite (Inf
, Inf
) values, they will be removed prior to
performing the estimation.
Let \underline{x} = (x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_n)
be a vector of
n
observations from an Weibull distribution with
parameters shape=
\alpha
and scale=
\beta
.
Estimation
Maximum Likelihood Estimation (method="mle"
)
The maximum likelihood estimators (mle's) of \alpha
and \beta
are
the solutions of the simultaneous equations (Forbes et al., 2011):
\hat{\alpha}_{mle} = \frac{n}{\{(1/\hat{\beta}_{mle})^{\hat{\alpha}_{mle}} \sum_{i=1}^n [x_i^{\hat{\alpha}_{mle}} log(x_i)]\}  \sum_{i=1}^n log(x_i) } \;\;\;\; (1)
\hat{\beta}_{mle} = [\frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^n x_i^{\hat{\alpha}_{mle}}]^{1/\hat{\alpha}_{mle}} \;\;\;\; (2)
Method of Moments Estimation (method="mme"
)
The method of moments estimator (mme) of \alpha
is computed by solving the
equation:
\frac{s}{\bar{x}} = \{\frac{\Gamma[(\hat{\alpha}_{mme} + 2)/\hat{\alpha}_{mme}]}{\{\Gamma[(\hat{\alpha}_{mme} + 1)/\hat{\alpha}_{mme}] \}^2}  1 \}^{1/2} \;\;\;\; (3)
and the method of moments estimator (mme) of \beta
is then computed as:
\hat{\beta}_{mme} = \frac{\bar{x}}{\Gamma[(\hat{\alpha}_{mme} + 1)/\hat{\alpha}_{mme}]} \;\;\;\; (4)
where
\bar{x} = \frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^n x_i \;\;\;\; (5)
s^2_m = \frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^n (x_i  \bar{x})^2 \;\;\;\; (6)
and \Gamma()
denotes the gamma function.
Method of Moments Estimation Based on the Unbiased Estimator of Variance (method="mmue"
)
The method of moments estimators based on the unbiased estimator of variance are
exactly the same as the method of moments estimators given in equations (36) above,
except that the method of moments estimator of variance in equation (6) is replaced
with the unbiased estimator of variance:
s^2 = \frac{1}{n1} \sum_{i=1}^n (x_i  \bar{x})^2 \;\;\;\; (7)
a list of class "estimate"
containing the estimated parameters and other
information. See
estimate.object
for details.
The Weibull distribution is named after the Swedish physicist Waloddi Weibull, who used this distribution to model breaking strengths of materials. The Weibull distribution has been extensively applied in the fields of reliability and quality control.
The exponential distribution is a special case of the
Weibull distribution: a Weibull random variable with parameters shape=
1
and scale=
\beta
is equivalent to an exponential random variable with
parameter rate=
1/\beta
.
The Weibull distribution is related to the
Type I extreme value (Gumbel) distribution as follows:
if X
is a random variable from a Weibull distribution with parameters
shape=
\alpha
and scale=
\beta
, then
Y = log(X) \;\;\;\; (10)
is a random variable from an extreme value distribution with parameters
location=
log(\beta)
and scale=
1/\alpha
.
Steven P. Millard (EnvStats@ProbStatInfo.com)
Forbes, C., M. Evans, N. Hastings, and B. Peacock. (2011). Statistical Distributions. Fourth Edition. John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, NJ.
Johnson, N. L., S. Kotz, and N. Balakrishnan. (1994). Continuous Univariate Distributions, Volume 1. Second Edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Weibull, Exponential, EVD,
estimate.object
.
# Generate 20 observations from a Weibull distribution with parameters
# shape=2 and scale=3, then estimate the parameters via maximum likelihood.
# (Note: the call to set.seed simply allows you to reproduce this example.)
set.seed(250)
dat < rweibull(20, shape = 2, scale = 3)
eweibull(dat)
#Results of Distribution Parameter Estimation
#
#
#Assumed Distribution: Weibull
#
#Estimated Parameter(s): shape = 2.673098
# scale = 3.047762
#
#Estimation Method: mle
#
#Data: dat
#
#Sample Size: 20
#
# Use the same data as in previous example, and compute the method of
# moments estimators based on the unbiased estimator of variance:
eweibull(dat, method = "mmue")
#Results of Distribution Parameter Estimation
#
#
#Assumed Distribution: Weibull
#
#Estimated Parameter(s): shape = 2.528377
# scale = 3.052507
#
#Estimation Method: mmue
#
#Data: dat
#
#Sample Size: 20
#
# Clean up
#
rm(dat)