optimalSeq {DynTxRegime}R Documentation

Missing or Coarsened Data Perspective - Genetic Algorithm

Description

Missing or Coarsened Data Perspective - Genetic Algorithm

Usage

optimalSeq(
  ...,
  moPropen,
  moMain,
  moCont,
  data,
  response,
  txName,
  regimes,
  fSet = NULL,
  refit = FALSE,
  iter = 0L,
  verbose = TRUE
)

Arguments

...

Additional arguments required by rgenoud. At a minimum this should include Domains, pop.size and starting.values. See ?rgenoud for more information.

moPropen

An object of class modelObj, a list of objects of class modelObj, or a list of object of class modelObjSubset, which define the models and R methods to be used to obtain parameter estimates and predictions for the propensity for treatment. See ?moPropen for details.

moMain

An object of class modelObj, a list of objects of class modelObj, or a list of object of class modelObjSubset, which define the models and R methods to be used to obtain parameter estimates and predictions for the main effects component of the outcome regression. See ?modelObj and/or ?modelObjSubset for details. NULL is an acceptable input if IPWE is desired or there is no main effects component of the outcome regression model.

moCont

An object of class modelObj, a list of objects of class modelObj, or a list of object of class modelObjSubset, which define the models and R methods to be used to obtain parameter estimates and predictions for the contrasts component of the outcome regression. See ?modelObj and/or ?modelObjSubset for details. NULL is an acceptable input if IPWE is desired or there is no contrast component of the outcome regression model.

data

A data frame of the covariates and tx history

response

The response vector

txName

A vector of characters. The column headers of data that correspond to the tx covariate for each decision point. The ordering should be sequential, i.e., the 1st element gives column name for the 1st decision point tx, the 2nd gives column name for the 2nd decision point tx, etc.

regimes

A function or a list of functions. For each decision point, a function defining the tx rule. For example, if the tx rule is : I(eta_1 < x1), regimes is defined as regimes <- function(a,data) {as.numeric(a < data$x1)} THE LAST ARGUMENT IS ALWAYS TAKEN TO BE THE DATA.FRAME

fSet

A function or a list of functions. This argument allows the user to specify the subset of tx options available to a patient or the subset of patients that will be modeled uniquely. see ?fSet for details

refit

No longer used

iter

An integer. See ?iter for details

verbose

A logical. If FALSE, screen prints are suppressed.

Value

An object inheriting from class OptimalSeq

References

Baqun Zhang, Anastasios A. Tsiatis, Eric B. Laber & Marie Davidian, "A Robust Method for Estimating Optimal Treatment Regimes", Biometrics, 68, 1010-1018.

Baqun Zhang, Anastasios A. Tsiatis, Eric B. Laber & Marie Davidian, "Robust estimation of optimal treatment regimes for sequential treatment decisions", Biometrika (2013) pp.1-14.

See Also

Other statistical methods: bowl(), earl(), iqLearn, optimalClass(), owl(), qLearn(), rwl()

Other single decision point methods: earl(), optimalClass(), owl(), qLearn(), rwl()

Other multiple decision point methods: bowl(), iqLearn, optimalClass(), qLearn()

Examples


# Load and process data set
data(bmiData)

# define the negative 12 month change in BMI from baseline
y12 <- -100*(bmiData[,6L] - bmiData[,4L])/bmiData[,4L]

# Define the propensity for treatment model and methods.
# Will use constant model for both decision points
moPropen <- buildModelObj(model =  ~ 1, 
                          solver.method = 'glm', 
                          solver.args = list('family'='binomial'),
                          predict.method = 'predict.glm',
                          predict.args = list(type='response'))
moPropen <- list(moPropen, moPropen)

# outcome model second stage
moMain2 <- buildModelObj(model = ~parentBMI+month4BMI,
                         solver.method = 'lm')

moCont2 <- buildModelObj(model = ~race + parentBMI+month4BMI,
                         solver.method = 'lm')

# outcome model first stage
moMain1 <- buildModelObj(model = ~parentBMI+baselineBMI,
                         solver.method = 'lm')

moCont1 <- buildModelObj(model = ~race + parentBMI+baselineBMI,
                         solver.method = 'lm')

moMain <- list(moMain1, moMain2)
moCont <- list(moCont1, moCont2)

# regime function second stage
regime2 <- function(eta1, eta2, data) {
             tst <- {data$parentBMI > eta1} & {data$month4BMI > eta2}
             rec <- rep('MR', nrow(x = data))
             rec[!tst] <- 'CD'
             return( rec )
           }

# regime function first stage
regime1 <- function(eta1, eta2, data) {
             tst <- {data$parentBMI > eta1} & {data$baselineBMI > eta2}
             rec <- rep('MR', nrow(x = data))
             rec[!tst] <- 'CD'
             return( rec )
           }

regimes <- list(regime1, regime2)

#### Analysis using AIPW
## Not run: 
fit_AIPW <- optimalSeq(moPropen = moPropen, 
                       moMain = moMain, moCont = moCont,
                       regimes = regimes,
                       data = bmiData, response = y12,  txName = c('A1','A2'),
                       Domains = cbind(rep(0,4),rep(100,4)),
                       pop.size = 100, starting.values = rep(25,4))

##Available methods

  # Coefficients of the regression objects
  coef(object = fit_AIPW)

  # Description of method used to obtain object
  DTRstep(object = fit_AIPW)

  # Estimated value of the optimal treatment regime for training set
  estimator(x = fit_AIPW)

  # Value object returned by regression methods
  fitObject(object = fit_AIPW)

  # Retrieve the results of genetic algorithm
  genetic(object = fit_AIPW)

  # Estimated optimal treatment and decision functions for training data
  optTx(x = fit_AIPW)

  # Estimated optimal treatment and decision functions for new data
  optTx(x = fit_AIPW, newdata = bmiData)

  # Value object returned by outcome regression method
  outcome(object = fit_AIPW)

  # Plots if defined by regression methods
  dev.new()
  par(mfrow = c(2,4))

  plot(x = fit_AIPW)
  plot(x = fit_AIPW, suppress = TRUE)

  # Retrieve the value object returned by propensity regression method
  propen(object = fit_AIPW)

  # Show main results of method
  show(object = fit_AIPW)

  # Show summary results of method
  summary(object = fit_AIPW)

## End(Not run)
#### Single Decision Point Analysis using IPW

# Define the propensity for treatment model and methods.
moPropen <- buildModelObj(model =  ~ 1, 
                          solver.method = 'glm', 
                          solver.args = list('family'='binomial'),
                          predict.method = 'predict.glm',
                          predict.args = list(type='response'))

# regime function second stage
regime <- function(eta1, eta2, data) {
            tst <- {data$parentBMI > eta1} & {data$month4BMI > eta2}
            rec <- rep('MR', nrow(x = data))
            rec[!tst] <- 'CD'
            return( rec )
          }
## Not run: 
fit_IPW <- optimalSeq(moPropen = moPropen, 
                      regimes = regime,
                      data = bmiData, response = y12,  txName = 'A2',
                      Domains = cbind(rep(0,2),rep(100,2)),
                      pop.size = 100, starting.values = rep(25,2))

##Available methods

  # Coefficients of the regression objects
  coef(object = fit_IPW)

  # Description of method used to obtain object
  DTRstep(object = fit_IPW)

  # Estimated value of the optimal treatment regime for training set
  estimator(x = fit_IPW)

  # Value object returned by regression method
  fitObject(object = fit_IPW)

  # Retrieve the results of genetic algorithm
  genetic(object = fit_IPW)

  # Estimated optimal treatment and decision functions for training data
  optTx(x = fit_IPW)

  # Estimated optimal treatment and decision functions for new data
  optTx(x = fit_IPW, newdata = bmiData)

  # Value object returned by outcome regression method
  outcome(object = fit_IPW)

  # Plots if defined by outcome regression method
  dev.new()
  par(mfrow = c(2,4))

  plot(x = fit_IPW)
  plot(x = fit_IPW, suppress = TRUE)

  # Retrieve the value object returned by propensity regression method
  propen(object = fit_IPW)

  # Show main results of method
  show(object = fit_IPW)

  # Show summary results of method
  summary(object = fit_IPW)

## End(Not run)

[Package DynTxRegime version 4.9 Index]