Recode {DescTools} R Documentation

## Recode a Factor

### Description

Combining or rearranging a factor can be tedious if it has many levels. Recode supports this step by accepting a direct definition of new levels by enumerating old levelnames as argument and adding an "elselevel" option. If new levels are given as integer values they will be translated in the according levels.

### Usage

Recode(x, ..., elselevel = NA, use.empty = FALSE, num = FALSE)


### Arguments

 x the factor whose levels are to be altered. If x is character it will be factorized (using factor defaults). ... the old levels (combined by c() if there are several) named with the new level: newlevel_a=c("old_a", "old_b"), newlevel_b=c("old_c", "old_d") See examples. elselevel the value for levels, which are not matched by newlevel list. If this is set to NULL, the elselevels will be left unchanged. If set to NA (default) non matched levels will be set to NA. use.empty logical. Defines how a new level, which can't be found in x, should be handled. Should it be left in the level's list or be dropped? The default is FALSE, which drops empty levels. num logical. If set to TRUE the result will be numeric.

### Value

the factor having the new levels applied.

### Author(s)

Andri Signorell <andri@signorell.net>

factor, levels
There's another solution in the package car.

### Examples

set.seed(1984)
x <- factor(sample(1:15, 20, replace=TRUE))
levels(x) <- paste("old", levels(x), sep="_")

y <- Recode(x,
"new_1"   = c("old_1","old_4","old_5"),
"new_2"   = c("old_6","old_10","old_11"),
"new_3"   = c("old_12","old_13"),
elselevel = "other")
data.frame(x=x, y=y)

# Coding NAs, NA is recoded to new_1
x[5:6] <- NA
x <- x[1:7]

data.frame(
x,
RecodeNA = Recode(x,
"new_1"   = c("old_4","old_8", NA),
elselevel = "other"),

# NAs remain untouched
NoRecodeNA = Recode(x,
"new_1"   = c("old_4","old_8"),
elselevel = "other")
)

x <- factor(letters[1:6])

z1 <- Recode(x, AB=c("a","b"), CD=c("c","d"), elselevel="none of these")
z2 <- Recode(x, AB=c("a","b"), CD=c("c","d"), elselevel=NA)
z3 <- Recode(x, AB=c("a","b"), CD=c("c","d"), elselevel=NULL)
z4 <- Recode(x, AB=c("a","b"), GH=c("g","h"), elselevel=NA, use.empty=TRUE)
z5 <- Recode(x, AB=c("a","b"), GH=c("g","h"), elselevel=NA, use.empty=FALSE)

data.frame(z1, z2, z3, z4, z5)

lapply(data.frame(z1, z2, z3, z4, z5), levels)

# empty level GH exists in z4...
table(z4, useNA="ifany")
# and is dropped in z5
table(z5, useNA="ifany")

# use integers to define the groups to collapse
set.seed(1972)
(likert <- factor(sample(1:10, size=15, replace=TRUE),
levels=1:10, labels=gettextf("(%s)", 1:10)))
Recode(likert, det=1:6, pas=7:8, pro=9:10)

# or directly turned to numeric
Recode(likert, "1"=1:6, "2"=7:8, "5"=9:10, num=TRUE)



[Package DescTools version 0.99.51 Index]