PlotMultiDens {DescTools} R Documentation

Plot Multiple Density Curves

Description

Multiple density curves are plotted on the same plot. The function plots the density curves in the defined colors and linetypes, after having calculated the globally appropriate xlim- and ylim-values. A legend can directly be included.

Usage

PlotMultiDens(x, ...)

## Default S3 method:
PlotMultiDens(x, xlim = NULL, ylim = NULL, col = Pal(), lty = "solid",
lwd = 2, fill = NA, xlab = "x", ylab = "density", args.dens = NULL,
args.legend = NULL, na.rm = FALSE, flipxy = FALSE, ...)

## S3 method for class 'formula'
PlotMultiDens(formula, data, subset, na.action, ...)



Arguments

 x a list of vectors whose densities are to be plotted. Use split to separate a vector by groups. (See examples) xlim, ylim xlim, ylim of the plot. col colors of the lines, defaults to Pal(), returning the default palette. lty line type of the lines. lwd line widths for the lines. fill colors for fill the area under the density curve. If set to NA (default) there will be no color. xlab, ylab a title for the x, resp. y axis. Defaults to "x" and "density". args.dens list of additional arguments to be passed to the density function. If set to NULL the defaults will be used. Those are n = 4096 (2^12) and kernel = "epanechnikov". args.legend list of additional arguments to be passed to the legend function. Use args.legend = NA if no legend should be added. na.rm should NAs be omitted? Defaults to FALSE. flipxy logical, should x- and y-axis be flipped? Defaults to FALSE. formula a formula of the form lhs ~ rhs where lhs gives the data values and rhs the corresponding groups. data an optional matrix or data frame (or similar: see model.frame) containing the variables in the formula formula. By default the variables are taken from environment(formula). subset an optional vector specifying a subset of observations to be used. na.action a function which indicates what should happen when the data contain NAs. Defaults to getOption("na.action"). ... the dots are passed to plot(...).

Details

All style arguments, density arguments and data list elements will be recycled if necessary.
The argument flipxy leads to exchanged x- and y-values. This option can be used to plot density curves with a vertical orientation for displaying marginal densities.

Value

data.frame with 3 columns, containing the bw, n and kernel parameters used for the list elements. The number of rows correspond to the length of the list x.

Note

Consider using:

  library(lattice)
densityplot( ~ delivery_min | driver, data=d.pizza)


as alternative when not all curves should be plotted in the same plot.

Author(s)

Andri Signorell <andri@signorell.net>

PlotViolin, density

Examples

x <- rnorm(1000,0,1)
y <- rnorm(1000,0,2)
z <- rnorm(1000,2,1.5)

# the input of the following function MUST be a numeric list
PlotMultiDens(list(x=x,y=y,z=z))

# use area fill
PlotMultiDens(list(x=x,y=y,z=z), fill=SetAlpha(c("red","green","blue"), 0.4))

PlotMultiDens( x=split(d.pizza$delivery_min, d.pizza$driver), na.rm=TRUE
, main="delivery time ~ driver", xlab="delivery time [min]", ylab="density"
, lwd=1:7, lty=1:7
, panel.first=grid())
# this example demonstrates the definition of different line types and -colors
# an is NOT thought as recommendation for good plotting practice... :-)

# the formula interface
PlotMultiDens(delivery_min ~ driver, data=d.pizza)

# recyling of the density parameters
res <- PlotMultiDens(x=split(d.pizza$temperature, d.pizza$driver),
args.dens = list(bw=c(5,2), kernel=c("rect","epanechnikov")), na.rm=TRUE)
res

# compare bandwidths
PlotMultiDens(x=split(d.pizza$temperature, d.pizza$driver)[1],
args.dens = list(bw=c(1:5)), na.rm=TRUE,
args.legend=NA, main="Compare bw")
legend(x="topright", legend=gettextf("bw = %s", 1:5), fill=rainbow(5))


[Package DescTools version 0.99.54 Index]