GenExtrVal {DescTools} R Documentation

## The Generalized Extreme Value Distribution

### Description

Density function, distribution function, quantile function and random generation for the generalized Extreme value (GenExtrVal) distribution with location, scale and shape parameters.

### Usage

dGenExtrVal(x, loc=0, scale=1, shape=0, log = FALSE)
pGenExtrVal(q, loc=0, scale=1, shape=0, lower.tail = TRUE)
qGenExtrVal(p, loc=0, scale=1, shape=0, lower.tail = TRUE)
rGenExtrVal(n, loc=0, scale=1, shape=0)


### Arguments

 x, q Vector of quantiles. p Vector of probabilities. n Number of observations. loc, scale, shape Location, scale and shape parameters; the shape argument cannot be a vector (must have length one). log Logical; if TRUE, the log density is returned. lower.tail Logical; if TRUE (default), probabilities are P[X <= x], otherwise, P[X > x]

### Details

The GenExtrVal distribution function with parameters loc = a, scale = b and shape = s is

G(z) = \exp\left[-\{1+s(z-a)/b\}^{-1/s}\right]

for 1+s(z-a)/b > 0, where b > 0. If s = 0 the distribution is defined by continuity. If 1+s(z-a)/b \leq 0, the value z is either greater than the upper end point (if s < 0), or less than the lower end point (if s > 0).

The parametric form of the GenExtrVal encompasses that of the Gumbel, Frechet and reverse Weibull distributions, which are obtained for s = 0, s > 0 and s < 0 respectively. It was first introduced by Jenkinson (1955).

### Value

dGenExtrVal gives the density function, pGenExtrVal gives the distribution function, qGenExtrVal gives the quantile function, and rGenExtrVal generates random deviates.

### Author(s)

Alec Stephenson <alec_stephenson@hotmail.com>

### References

Jenkinson, A. F. (1955) The frequency distribution of the annual maximum (or minimum) of meteorological elements. Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 81, 158–171.

rFrechet, rGumbel, rRevWeibull

### Examples

dGenExtrVal(2:4, 1, 0.5, 0.8)
pGenExtrVal(2:4, 1, 0.5, 0.8)
qGenExtrVal(seq(0.9, 0.6, -0.1), 2, 0.5, 0.8)
rGenExtrVal(6, 1, 0.5, 0.8)
p <- (1:9)/10
pGenExtrVal(qGenExtrVal(p, 1, 2, 0.8), 1, 2, 0.8)
## [1] 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9


[Package DescTools version 0.99.54 Index]