ExponentialMechanism {DPpack}R Documentation

Exponential Mechanism

Description

This function implements the exponential mechanism for differential privacy by selecting the index of a vector of candidates to return according to a user-specified vector of utility function values, epsilon, and global sensitivity. Sensitivity calculated based either on bounded or unbounded differential privacy can be used (Kifer and Machanavajjhala 2011). If measure is provided, the probabilities of selecting each value are scaled according to the values in measure. If candidates is provided, the function returns the value of candidates at the selected index, rather than the index itself.

Usage

ExponentialMechanism(
  utility,
  eps,
  sensitivity,
  measure = NULL,
  candidates = NULL
)

Arguments

utility

Numeric vector giving the utilities of the possible values.

eps

Positive real number defining the epsilon privacy budget.

sensitivity

Real number corresponding to the l1-global sensitivity of the function generating utility.

measure

Optional numeric vector of scaling measures for the probabilities of selecting each value. Should be same size as utility. Defaults to uniform scaling.

candidates

Optional vector of candidates of same size as utility. If given, the function returns the candidate at the selected index rather than the index itself.

Value

Indices (or values if candidates given) selected by the mechanism based on the bounded and/or unbounded definitions of differential privacy.

References

Dwork C, McSherry F, Nissim K, Smith A (2006). “Calibrating Noise to Sensitivity in Private Data Analysis.” In Halevi S, Rabin T (eds.), Theory of Cryptography, 265–284. ISBN 978-3-540-32732-5, https://doi.org/10.1007/11681878_14.

Kifer D, Machanavajjhala A (2011). “No Free Lunch in Data Privacy.” In Proceedings of the 2011 ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data, SIGMOD '11, 193–204. ISBN 9781450306614, doi:10.1145/1989323.1989345.

McSherry F, Talwar K (2007). “Mechanism Design via Differential Privacy.” In 48th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS'07), 94-103. doi:10.1109/FOCS.2007.66.

Examples

candidates <- c('a','b','c','d','e','f','g')
# Release index
idx <- ExponentialMechanism(c(0,1,2,3,2,1,0), 1, 1)
candidates[idx] # Randomly chosen candidate

# Release candidate
ExponentialMechanism(c(0,1,2,3,2,1,0), 1, .5, measure=c(1,1,2,1,2,1,1),
  candidates=candidates)


[Package DPpack version 0.0.11 Index]