schoket {DOS} R Documentation

## DNA Damage in Aluminum Production Workers

### Description

This data set is from Schoket et al. (1991) and is discussed in Chapter 16 of Design of Observational Studies (2010). The data describe 25 aluminum production workers (w) and 25 controls (c) matched for age and smoking. The outcome is a measure of genetic damage, namely DNA adducts per 10^8 nucleotides. The data are used as an example in Chapter 16 of Design of Observational Studies, where the data illustrate the possibility that some treated individuals are strongly affected by treatment, while others are unaffected, so the average treatment effect may be small, but the effect on affected individuals may be large and evident in data.

### Usage

data("schoket")

### Format

A data frame with 25 observations on the following 9 variables.

pair

Pair number, 1 to 25.

idw

Worker ID from Schoket et al. (1991).

agew

Worker age in years

smokingw

Worker cigarettes per day

adductsw

idc

Control ID from Schoket et al. (1991).

agec

Control age in years

smokingc

Control cigarettes per day

adductsc

### Source

The data are from Schoket et al. (1991). The data are used as an example in Chapter 16 of Design of Observational Studies (2010).

### References

Conover, W. J. and Salsburg, D. S. (1988). Locally most powerful tests for detecting treatment effects when only a subset of patients can be expected to" respond" to treatment. Biometrics, 189-196.

Rosenbaum, P. R. (2007). Confidence intervals for uncommon but dramatic responses to treatment. Biometrics, 63(4), 1164-1171.

Rosenbaum, P. R. (2010). Design of Observational Studies. New York: Springer. This example is discussed in Chapter 16.

Rosenbaum, P. R. (2011). A new U statistic with superior design sensitivity in matched observational studies. Biometrics, 67(3), 1017-1027.

Schoket, B., Phillips, D. H., Hewer, A. and Vincze, I. (1991). 32P-postlabelling detection of aromatic DNA adducts in peripheral blood lymphocytes from aluminium production plant workers. Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology, 260(1), 89-98.

Stephenson, W. R. (1981). A general class of one-sample nonparametric test statistics based on subsamples. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 76(376), 960-966.

### Examples

data(schoket)
attach(schoket)