pre {DAMisc} R Documentation

## Proportional and Expected Proportional Reductions in Error

### Description

Calculates proportional reduction in error (PRE) and expected proportional reduction in error (epre) from Herron (1999).

### Usage

pre(mod1, mod2 = NULL, sim = FALSE, R = 2500)


### Arguments

 mod1 A model of class glm (with family binomial), polr or multinom for which (e)PRE will be calculated. mod2 A model of the same class as mod1 against which proportional reduction in error will be measured. If NULL, the null model will be used. sim A logical argument indicating whether a parametric bootstrap should be used to calculate confidence bounds for (e)PRE. See Details for more information. R Number of bootstrap samples to be drawn if sim=TRUE.

### Details

Proportional reduction in error is calculated as a function of correct and incorrect predictions (and the probabilities of correct and incorrect predictions for ePRE). When sim=TRUE, a parametric bootstrap will be used that draws from the multivariate normal distribution centered at the coefficient estimates from the model and using the estimated variance-covariance matrix of the estimators as Sigma. This matrix is used to form R versions of XB and predictions are made for each of the R different versions of XB. Confidence intervals can then be created from the bootstrap sampled (e)PRE values.

### Value

An object of class pre, which is a list with the following elements:

 pre The proportional reduction in error epre The expected proportional reduction in error m1form The formula for model 1 m2form The formula for model 2 pcp The percent correctly predicted by model 1 pmc The percent correctly predicted by model 2 epcp The expected percent correctly predicted by model 1 epmc The expected percent correctly predicted by model 2 pre.sim A vector of bootstrapped PRE values if sim=TRUE epre.sim A vector of bootstrapped ePRE values if sim=TRUE

Dave Armstrong

### References

Herron, M. 1999. Postestimation Uncertainty in Limited Dependent Variable Models. Political Analysis 8(1): 83–98.

### Examples


data(france)
left.mod <- glm(voteleft ~ male + age + retnat +
poly(lrself, 2), data=france, family=binomial)
pre(left.mod)



[Package DAMisc version 1.7.2 Index]