dotplot.cubist {Cubist}R Documentation

Visualization of Cubist Rules and Equations


Lattice dotplots of the rule conditions or the linear model coefficients produced by cubist() objects


## S3 method for class 'cubist'
dotplot(x, data = NULL, what = "splits", committee = NULL, rule = NULL, ...)



a cubist() object


not currently used (here for lattice compatibility)


either "splits" or "coefs"


which committees to plot


which rules to plot


options to pass to lattice::dotplot()


For the splits, a panel is created for each predictor. The x-axis is the range of the predictor scaled to be between zero and one and the y-axis has a line for each rule (within each committee). Areas are colored as based on their region. For example, if one rule has var1 < 10, the linear for this rule would be colored. If another rule had the complementary region of var1 <= 10, it would be on another line and shaded a different color.

For the coefficient plot, another dotplot is made. The layout is the same except the the x-axis is in the original units and has a dot if the rule used that variable in a linear model.


a lattice::dotplot() object


R code by Max Kuhn, original C sources by R Quinlan and modifications be Steve Weston


Quinlan. Learning with continuous classes. Proceedings of the 5th Australian Joint Conference On Artificial Intelligence (1992) pp. 343-348

Quinlan. Combining instance-based and model-based learning. Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Machine Learning (1993) pp. 236-243

Quinlan. C4.5: Programs For Machine Learning (1993) Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc. San Francisco, CA

See Also

cubist(), cubistControl(), predict.cubist(), summary.cubist(), predict.cubist(), lattice::dotplot()



## 1 committee and no instance-based correction, so just an M5 fit:
mod1 <- cubist(x = BostonHousing[, -14], y = BostonHousing$medv)
dotplot(mod1, what = "splits")
dotplot(mod1, what = "coefs")

## Now with 10 committees
mod2 <- cubist(x = BostonHousing[, -14], 
               y = BostonHousing$medv, 
               committees = 10)
dotplot(mod2, scales = list(y = list(cex = .25)))
dotplot(mod2, what = "coefs", 
        between = list(x = 1, y = 1),
        scales = list(x = list(relation = "free"), 
                      y = list(cex = .25)))

[Package Cubist version Index]