Hedgesgp {CohensdpLibrary} R Documentation

## The unbiased Hedges' standardized mean difference.

### Description

Hedgesgp() computes the unbiased Cohen's d (noted $g_p$) in either within-subject, between-subject design and single-group design. See Hedges (1981); Goulet-Pelletier and Cousineau (2018).

### Usage

Hedgesgp(statistics, design)


### Arguments

 statistics a list of pre-computed statistics. The statistics to provide depend on the design: - for "between": m1, m2 the means of the two groups, s1, s2 the standard deviation of the two groups, and n1, n2, the sample sizes of the two groups; - for "within": m1, m2, s1, s2, n, and r or rho the correlation between the measure; - for "single": m, s, n and m0 the reference mean from which m is standardized). design the design of the measures ("within", "between", or "single");

### Details

This function returns the Cohen's d_p statistics corrected for bias but no confidence interval as this estimate is not used to build such interval. This function uses r when rho is unknown.

### Value

The unbiased Cohen's $d_p$ statistic, commonly called a Hedges' $g_p$. The return value is internally a dpObject which can be displayed with print, explain or summary/summarize.

### References

Goulet-Pelletier J, Cousineau D (2018). “A review of effect sizes and their confidence intervals, Part I: The Cohen's d family.” The Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 14(4), 242-265. doi:10.20982/tqmp.14.4.p242.

Hedges LV (1981). “Distribution theory for Glass's estimator of effect size and related estimators.” journal of Educational Statistics, 6(2), 107–128.

### Examples


# example in which the means are 114 vs. 101 with sDs of 14.3 and 12.5 respectively
Hedgesgp( statistics = list( m1= 101, m2= 114, s1= 12.5, s2= 14.3, n1= 12, n2= 12 ),
design     = "between")

# example in a repeated-measure design
Hedgesgp( statistics = list( m1= 101, m2= 114, s1= 12.5, s2= 14.3, n= 12, rho= 0.53 ),
design     = "within")

# example with a single-group design where mu is a population parameter
Hedgesgp( statistics = list( m = 101, m0 = 114, s = 12.5, n = 10 ),
design     = "single")

# The results can be displayed in three modes
res <- Hedgesgp( statistics = list( m = 101, m0 = 114, s = 12.5, n = 10 ),
design     = "single")

# a raw result of the Cohen's d_p and its confidence interval
res