plot_word3D {ChaosGame}R Documentation

Plot the 3D fractal containing the chosen word

Description

The function allows to enter a word of at least two letters based on which an Iterated Function System with Probabilities (IFSP) is constructed. This IFSP is then used to generate a two-dimensional fractal containing the chosen word infinitely often, which is then projected onto several three-dimensional surfaces. Optionally, the projection is transformed into another fractal with uniform marginals.

Usage

plot_word3D(
  word = "copula",
  R = 20,
  plot.rgl = TRUE,
  copula = TRUE,
  portion = 0.2,
  color.rgl.plot = "green2magenta",
  plot.surface = "Sphere",
  histogram = TRUE,
  shift = 1.2,
  orbit = 3000,
  cex.label = 0.7,
  size.lines = 0.1,
  Theta = 40,
  Phi = 30,
  Box = TRUE,
  projection = TRUE,
  letter_type = 1
)

Arguments

word

Word which the fractal should contain infinitely often.

R

Number of runs of the chaos game.

plot.rgl

If plot.rgl = TRUE a rgl-plot is generated. Otherwise a scatter-plot with plot3D is produced.

copula

logical. If TRUE the sample is (approximately) probability-integral-transformed.

portion

Portion based on which the empirical distribution functions are calculated, if copula = TRUE.

color.rgl.plot

Plotting color/color-range for the rgl-plot. One can choose between "gray", "blue2green", "green2red", "blue2yellow", "ygobb", "magenta2green" and "green2magenta".

plot.surface

Three-dimensional surface on which the two-dimensional fractal is projected. Options are "Sphere", "Helix", "Torus", "EnneperMinimalSurface" and "CatalanSurface".

histogram

It is an option available only under the rgl-plot option (i.e if plot.rgl = TRUE). If histogram = TRUE, two-dimensional and one-dimensional marginal histograms are plotted in the rgl-plot.

shift

Distance between letters.

orbit

Number of steps in each run of the chaos game.

cex.label

Font size, for exporting as a pdf or png file (see examples).

size.lines

Line width, for exporting as a pdf or png file (see examples).

Theta

Angles defining the viewing direction. Theta gives the azimuthal direction and Phi the colatitude in the scatter-plot (see Package plot3D). Can be chosen only under the scatter-plot option (i.e if plot.rgl = FALSE).

Phi

Angles defining the viewing direction. Theta gives the azimuthal direction and Phi the colatitude in the scatter-plot (see Package plot3D). Can be chosen only under the scatter-plot option (i.e if plot.rgl = FALSE).

Box

If TRUE, axis, two-dimensional projections (if projection = TRUE) and marginal histograms are plotted.

projection

An option available only if Box = TRUE. If projection = TRUE, the two-dimensional projections are plotted together with axis and marginal histograms.

letter_type

integer, which indicates the type of the letters. Options are 1 (default) or 2 (round letters).

Examples

# function with a word as input, runs the chaos game,
# calculates the copula transformation and projects the result on a sphere:
# for nice results use, for example, R = 20 and orbit = 3000
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", copula = FALSE, R = 50, orbit = 100)

# further examples:
# projection of the fractal on the Enneper Minimal Surface:
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", R = 75, orbit = 300, copula = FALSE,
#                  plot.surface = "EnneperMinimalSurface", histogram = FALSE)
# same example as before, now with histogram = TRUE
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", R = 100, orbit = 300, copula = FALSE,
#                  plot.surface = "EnneperMinimalSurface")
# same example as before (approximately) probability-integral-transformed  (i.e. copula = TRUE)
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", R = 100, orbit = 300, copula = TRUE,
#                   plot.surface = "EnneperMinimalSurface")

# projection of the fractal on a Catalan Surface
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", R = 100, orbit = 300, copula = FALSE,
#                  color.rgl.plot = "blue2green", plot.surface = "CatalanSurface")

# projection of the fractal on a Helix
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", R = 100, orbit = 300, copula = FALSE,
#                  color.rgl.plot = "green2red", plot.surface = "Helix")

# projection of the fractal on a Torus
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", R = 100, orbit = 300, copula = FALSE,
#                  color.rgl.plot = "blue2yellow", plot.surface = "Torus")

# projection of the fractal on a Sphere
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", R = 100, orbit = 300, copula = FALSE,
#                  color.rgl.plot = "ygobb", plot.surface = "Sphere")
# Sphere (approximately) probability-integral-transformed (i.e. copula = TRUE)
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", R = 100, orbit = 300, copula = TRUE,
#                  color.rgl.plot = "ygobb", plot.surface = "Sphere")

# scatter-plot with plot3D (i.e. plot.rgl = FALSE) for exporting as a pdf file
# pdf(file = "Sphere.pdf", width = 30, height = 25)
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", R = 100, orbit = 300, copula = FALSE, plot.rgl = FALSE,
#                  plot.surface = "Sphere", cex.label = 1.8, size.lines = 0.001)
# dev.off()

#' # scatter-plot with plot3D (i.e. plot.rgl = FALSE) for exporting as a png file
# png(file = "Sphere.png", width = 5000, height = 4000)
# A <- plot_word3D(word = "copula", R = 100, orbit = 300, copula = FALSE, plot.rgl = FALSE,
#                  plot.surface = "Sphere", cex.label = 5, size.lines = 2)
# dev.off()

[Package ChaosGame version 1.1 Index]