CatDyn-package {CatDyn}R Documentation

Fisheries Stock Assessment by Generalized Depletion (Catch Dynamics) Models

Description

Using high-frequency (daily, weekly) or medium frequency (monthly) catch and effort data CatDyn implements a type of stock assessment model oriented to the operational fishing data. The estimated parameters are in two groups, stock abundance (initial abundance, episodic pulses of abundance, and natural mortality) and fishing operation (hyperstability/hyperdepletion, saturability/synergy, catchability). CatDyn includes 100 versions of the models depending on the number of fleets (1 or 2), the number of perturbations to depletion (1 to 25), whether the stock is resident without emigration, resident with emigration, or in transit, and 72 likelihood models for the data depending on the kind of random mechanism(s) assumed to have generated the data. The package has graphical functions for exploratory analysis (to select reasonable initial values of parameter to me estimated), it calls the optimx function from package optimx to use many options for the numerical method to minimize the negative loglikelihood, and several functions for post-analysis of results to select a best model for the data. Considering the combinations that can be made with model versions, likelihood options, and numerical methods, any data set can be fit to hundreds of model varieties making model selection a substantial part of the stock assessment work.

Once the best model has been selected, the package also has functions to produce the input information to fit a population dynamics model in a hierarchical inference framework. See Roa-Ureta et al. (2015) below.

Details

Package: CatDyn
Type: Package
Version: 1.1-1
Date: 2018-12-20
License: GPL (>= 2)

Create a data object using raw data and the as.CatDynData() function. Examine the data for regularities and perturbations using the generic plot() function on an object of class CatDynData. Examine the goodness of initial parameter values before statistical inference by using the catdynexp() exploratory prediction function and the plot generic function on an object of class CatDynExp. Fit the model to the data by using the wrapper function CatDynFit(), which in turn will call the optimx() optimizer wrapper of package optimx, with several numerical methods available to be used. Examine the quality of the fit with the plot() function on an object of class CatDynMod created by the CatDynPred() function. Compare different models fit to the data with CatDynSum(), CatDynCor(), and CatDynPar(), based on information theoretic, statistical, and numerical criteria. Create the input file for further population dynamics modeling with CatDynBSD().

The process equations in the Catch Dynamics Models in this package are of the form

C_t = k e^{-M/2} E^{a}_{t} N^{b}_{t}

whith versions for resident stock without emigration

N_{t}=N_0 e^{-Mt}-e^{M/2}∑_{i<t} C_{t-1} e^{-M(t-i-1)}+∑_{j}R_{j} e^{-M(t-j)}

resident stock with emigration

N_{t}=N_0 e^{-Mt}-e^{M/2}∑_{i<t} C_{t-1} e^{-M(t-i-1)}+∑_{j}R_{j} e^{-M(t-v_j)}-∑_{l}S_{l} e^{-M(t-w_l)}

and stock in transit through the fishing grounds

N_{t}=N_0 e^{-Mt}-e^{M/2}∑_{i<t} C_{t-1} e^{-M(t-i-1)}+∑_{j}I_j R_{j} e^{-M(t-v_j)}-∑_{l}J_j R_{j} e^{-M(t-w_j)}

where C is the observed catch in numbers, a random variable, t, i, l, are time step indicators, j is perturbation index (j=1,2,...,25), k is a scaling constant, E is nominal fishing effort, a predictor of catch observed exactly, a is a parameter of effort synergy or saturability, N is abundance, a latent predictor of catch, b is a parameter of hyperstability or hyperdepletion, M is natural mortality rate per time step, I and J are indicator variables, taking values of 0 before v and 1 after, before w and 1 after, respectively. The second summand of the expanded latent predictor is a discount applied to the earlier catches in order to avoid an M-biased estimate of initial abundance.

Positive perturbations to depletion represent fish migrations into the fishing grounds or expansions of the fishing grounds by the fleet(s) resulting in point pulses of abundance. Negative perturbations represente emigration of parts of the stock (resident stock with emigration above) or the totality of a recruitment wave (transit stock above).

In 2 fleet cases the fleets contribute complementary information about stock abundance, and thus operate additively; any interaction between the fleets is latent and affects the estimated values of fleet dependent parameters, such as k, a, and b.

The catch observation model can take any of the following forms: a Poisson counts process or a negative binomial counts process for catch recorded in numbers, an additive random normal term added to the continuous catch (in weight) predicted by the process (normal and adjusted profile normal), a multiplicative exponential term acting on the process-predicted catch such as the logarithm of this multiplier distributes normally (lognormal, adjusted profile lognornmal, and robust lognormal), Gamma (shape and scale parameterization), and Gumbel.

Author(s)

Ruben H. Roa-Ureta <ruben.roa.ureta@mail.com> (ORCID ID 0000-0002-9620-5224)

References

Roa-Ureta, R. H. 2012. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69(8), 1403-1415.

Roa-Ureta, R. H. et al. 2015. Fisheries Research 171 (Special Issue), 59-67.

Roa-Ureta, R. H. 2015. Fisheries Research 171 (Special Issue), 68-77.

Lin, Y-J. et al. 2017. Fisheries Research 195, 130-140.

Examples

#See examples for CatDynFit()

[Package CatDyn version 1.1-1 Index]