CBIV {CBPS}R Documentation

Covariate Balancing Propensity Score for Instrumental Variable Estimates (CBIV)

Description

CBIV estimates propensity scores for compliance status in an instrumental variables setup such that both covariate balance and prediction of treatment assignment are maximized. The method, therefore, avoids an iterative process between model fitting and balance checking and implements both simultaneously.

Usage

CBIV(Tr, Z, X, iterations = 1000, method = "over", twostep = TRUE,
  twosided = TRUE, ...)

Arguments

Tr

A binary treatment variable.

Z

A binary encouragement variable.

X

A pre-treatment covariate matrix.

iterations

An optional parameter for the maximum number of iterations for the optimization. Default is 1000.

method

Choose "over" to fit an over-identified model that combines the propensity score and covariate balancing conditions; choose "exact" to fit a model that only contains the covariate balancing conditions. Our simulations suggest that "over" dramatically outperforms "exact."

twostep

Default is TRUE for a two-step GMM estimator, which will run substantially faster than continuous-updating. Set to FALSE to use the continuous-updating GMM estimator.

twosided

Default is TRUE, which allows for two-sided noncompliance with both always-takers and never-takers. Set to FALSE for one-sided noncompliance, which allows only for never-takers.

...

Other parameters to be passed through to optim().

Details

Fits covariate balancing propensity scores for generalizing local average treatment effect estimates obtained from instrumental variables analysis.

Value

coefficients

A named matrix of coefficients, where the first column gives the complier coefficients and the second column gives the always-taker coefficients.

fitted.values

The fitted N x 3 compliance score matrix. The first column gives the estimated probability of being a complier, the second column gives the estimated probability of being an always-taker, and the third column gives the estimated probability of being a never-taker.

weights

The optimal weights: the reciprocal of the probability of being a complier.

deviance

Minus twice the log-likelihood of the CBIV fit.

converged

Convergence value. Returned from the call to optim().

J

The J-statistic at convergence

df

The number of linearly independent covariates.

bal

The covariate balance associated with the optimal weights, calculated as the GMM loss of the covariate balance conditions.

Author(s)

Christian Fong

References

Imai, Kosuke and Marc Ratkovic. 2014. “Covariate Balancing Propensity Score.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B (Statistical Methodology). http://imai.princeton.edu/research/CBPS.html

Examples


###
### Example: propensity score matching
### (Need to fix when we have an actual example).

##Load the LaLonde data
data(LaLonde)
## Estimate CBPS
fit <- CBPS(treat ~ age + educ + re75 + re74 + 
			I(re75==0) + I(re74==0), 
			data = LaLonde, ATT = TRUE)
summary(fit)



[Package CBPS version 0.22 Index]