C5.0.default {C50}R Documentation

C5.0 Decision Trees and Rule-Based Models

Description

Fit classification tree models or rule-based models using Quinlan's C5.0 algorithm

Usage

## Default S3 method:
C5.0(
  x,
  y,
  trials = 1,
  rules = FALSE,
  weights = NULL,
  control = C5.0Control(),
  costs = NULL,
  ...
)

## S3 method for class 'formula'
C5.0(formula, data, weights, subset, na.action = na.pass, ...)

Arguments

x

a data frame or matrix of predictors.

y

a factor vector with 2 or more levels

trials

an integer specifying the number of boosting iterations. A value of one indicates that a single model is used.

rules

A logical: should the tree be decomposed into a rule-based model?

weights

an optional numeric vector of case weights. Note that the data used for the case weights will not be used as a splitting variable in the model (see http://www.rulequest.com/see5-win.html#CASEWEIGHT for Quinlan's notes on case weights).

control

a list of control parameters; see C5.0Control()

costs

a matrix of costs associated with the possible errors. The matrix should have C columns and rows where C is the number of class levels.

...

other options to pass into the function (not currently used with default method)

formula

a formula, with a response and at least one predictor.

data

an optional data frame in which to interpret the variables named in the formula.

subset

optional expression saying that only a subset of the rows of the data should be used in the fit.

na.action

a function which indicates what should happen when the data contain NA. The default is to include missing values since the model can accommodate them.

Details

This model extends the C4.5 classification algorithms described in Quinlan (1992). The details of the extensions are largely undocumented. The model can take the form of a full decision tree or a collection of rules (or boosted versions of either).

When using the formula method, factors and other classes are preserved (i.e. dummy variables are not automatically created). This particular model handles non-numeric data of some types (such as character, factor and ordered data).

The cost matrix should by CxC, where C is the number of classes. Diagonal elements are ignored. Columns should correspond to the true classes and rows are the predicted classes. For example, if C = 3 with classes Red, Blue and Green (in that order), a value of 5 in the (2,3) element of the matrix would indicate that the cost of predicting a Green sample as Blue is five times the usual value (of one). Note that when costs are used, class probabilities cannot be generated using predict.C5.0().

Internally, the code will attempt to halt boosting if it appears to be ineffective. For this reason, the value of trials may be different from what the model actually produced. There is an option to turn this off in C5.0Control().

Value

An object of class C5.0 with elements:

boostResults

a parsed version of the boosting table(s) shown in the output

call

the function call

caseWeights

not currently supported.

control

an echo of the specifications from C5.0Control()

cost

the text version of the cost matrix (or "")

costMatrix

an echo of the model argument

dims

original dimensions of the predictor matrix or data frame

levels

a character vector of factor levels for the outcome

names

a string version of the names file

output

a string version of the command line output

predictors

a character vector of predictor names

rbm

a logical for rules

rules

a character version of the rules file

size

n integer vector of the tree/rule size (or sizes in the case of boosting)

.

tree

a string version of the tree file

trials

a named vector with elements Requested (an echo of the function call) and Actual (how many the model used)

Note

The command line version currently supports more data types than the R port. Currently, numeric, factor and ordered factors are allowed as predictors.

Author(s)

Original GPL C code by Ross Quinlan, R code and modifications to C by Max Kuhn, Steve Weston and Nathan Coulter

References

Quinlan R (1993). C4.5: Programs for Machine Learning. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, http://www.rulequest.com/see5-unix.html

See Also

C5.0Control(), summary.C5.0(), predict.C5.0(), C5imp()

Examples


library(modeldata)
data(mlc_churn)

treeModel <- C5.0(x = mlc_churn[1:3333, -20], y = mlc_churn$churn[1:3333])
treeModel
summary(treeModel)

ruleModel <- C5.0(churn ~ ., data = mlc_churn[1:3333, ], rules = TRUE)
ruleModel
summary(ruleModel)


[Package C50 version 0.1.5 Index]