exactcp {BinGSD}R Documentation

Conditional power computation using exact test.

Description

Compute conditional power of single-arm group sequential design with binary endpoint based on binomial distribution.

Usage

exactcp(d, p_1, i, z_i)

Arguments

d

An object of the class exactdesign or exactprob.

p_1

A scalar or vector representing response rate or probability of success under the alternative hypothesis. The value(s) should be within (p_0,1).

i

Index of the analysis at which the interim statistic is given. Should be an integer ranges from 1 to K-1. i will be rounded to its nearest whole value if it is not an integer.

z_i

The interim statistic at analysis i.

Details

Conditional power quantifies the conditional probability of crossing the upper bound given the interim result z_i, 1≤ i<K. Having inherited sample sizes and boundaries from exactdesign or exactprob, given the interim statistic at ith analysis z_i, the conditional power is defined as

α _{i,K}(p|z_i)=P_{p}(Z_K≥ u_K, Z_{K-1}>l_{K-1}, …, Z_{i+1}>l_{i+1}|Z_i=z_i)

With exact test, the test statistic at analysis k is Z_k=∑_{s=1}^{n_k}X_s which follows binomial distribution b(n_k,p). Actually, Z_k is the total number of responses up to the kth analysis.

The increment statistic Z_k-Z_{k-1} also follows a binomial distribution b(n_k-n_{k-1},p) independently of Z_{1}, …, Z_{k-1}. Then the conditional power can be easily obtained using the same procedure for deriving unconditional boundary crossing probabilities.

Note that Z_{1}, …, Z_{K} is a non-decreasing sequence, thus the conditional power is 1 when the interim statistic z_i>=u_K.

Value

A list with the elements as follows:

Reference

See Also

exactprob, asymcp, exactdesign.

Examples

I=c(0.2,0.4,0.6,0.8,0.99)
beta=0.2
betaspend=c(0.1,0.2,0.3,0.3,0.2)
alpha=0.05
p_0=0.3
p_1=0.5
K=4.6
tol=1e-6
tt1=asymdesign(I,beta,betaspend,alpha,p_0,p_1,K,tol)
tt2=exactdesign(tt1)
tt3=exactprob(p_1=c(0.4,0.5,0.6,0.7,0.8,0.9),d=tt2)
exactcp(tt2,p_1=c(0.4,0.5,0.6,0.7,0.8,0.9),1,2)
exactcp(tt3,p_1=c(0.4,0.5,0.6,0.7,0.8,0.9),3,19)

[Package BinGSD version 0.0.1 Index]