cmi {BNSL} R Documentation

## Bayesian Estimation of Conditional Mutual Information

### Description

A standard estimator of conditional mutual information calculates the maximal likelihood value. However, the estimator takes positive values even the pair follows a distribution of two independent variables. On the other hand, the estimator in this package detects conditional independence as well as consistently estimates the true conditional mutual information value as the length grows based on Jeffrey's prior, Bayesian Dirichlet equivalent uniform (BDeu ), and the MDL principle. It also estimates the conditional mutual information value even when one of the pair is continuous (see ).

### Usage

 cmi(x, y, z, proc=0L)


### Arguments

 x a numeric vector. y a numeric vector. z a numeric vector. x, y and z should have an equal length. proc the estimation is based on Jeffrey's prior, the MDL principle, and BDeu for proc=0,1,2, respectively. If the argument proc is missing, proc=0 (Jeffreys') is assumed.

### Value

the estimation of conditional mutual information between the two numeric vectors based on the selected criterion, where the natural logarithm base is assumed.

### Author(s)

Joe Suzuki and Jun Kawahara

### References

 Suzuki, J., “A theoretical analysis of the BDeu scores in Bayesian network structure learning", Behaviormetrika, 2017.  Suzuki, J., “An estimator of mutual information and its application to independence testing", Entropy, Vol.18, No.4, 2016.  Suzuki. J. “The Bayesian Chow-Liu algorithms", In the sixth European workshop on Probabilistic Graphical Models, pp. 315-322, Granada, Spain, Sept.2012.

cmi

### Examples

n=100

x=c(rbinom(n,1,0.2), rbinom(n,1,0.8))
y=c(rbinom(n,1,0.8), rbinom(n,1,0.2))
z=c(rep(1,n),rep(0,n))
cmi(x,y,z,proc=0); cmi(x,y,z,1); cmi(x,y,z,2)

x=c(rbinom(n,1,0.2), rbinom(n,1,0.8))
u=rbinom(2*n,1,0.1)
y=(x+u)
z=c(rep(1,n),rep(0,n))
cmi(x,y,z); cmi(x,y,z,proc=1); cmi(x,y,z,2)



[Package BNSL version 0.1.4 Index]