block.gibbs {BGSIMD} R Documentation

## Efficient Block Gibbs Sampling with Incomplete Data from a Multinomial Distribution

### Description

The function implements an efficient block Gibbs sampling for Bayesian analysis with incomplete data from a multinomial distribution with k categories labelled as 1,2,...,k, where the incomplete data are assumed to arise from missing at random. It is assumed that each missing datum belongs to one and only one of m subsets A1,...,Am each of which is a non-empty proper subset of 1,2,..,k. Moreover, it is assumed that the A's are such that only consecutive A's may overlap. Specifically, it is assumed that the data consist of counts of complete data, as well as the counts of partially observed data belonging to the A's. The multinomial parameters are assumed to have a Dirichlet prior.

### Usage

```block.gibbs(complete, missing, ms, prior, init, n)
```

### Arguments

 `complete` A numeric vector. The counts of completely classified observations. The length of the vector is set to be k. By default, the multinomial distribution then has k categories labelled from 1 to k. `missing` A numeric vector. The counts of partially classified observations. By default, m equals the length of `missing`. `ms` A list containing the A's listed in the order of the counts of data in the A's listed in `missing`. `prior` A numeric vector. The parameter vector of the Dirichlet prior. `init` A numeric vector. The initial parametric values for the Gibbs sampler. `n` The number of Gibbs samples.

### Author(s)

Kwang Woo Ahn and Kung-Sik Chan

### References

Ahn, K. W. and Chan, K. S. (2007) Efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo with incomplete multinomial data, Technical report 382, The University of Iowa

`part`, `partition`, and `rdirichlet`

### Examples

```complete<-c(20,655,17,15,11,8,5,10,4) # so k=9, and
# there are 20 observed counts of 1's, 655 counts of 2's, etc.
missing<-c(34,21,18) # so m=3
ms<-list(c(3,4),c(5,6,7),c(6,7,8,9)) # three kind of
#  missing data, namely, some data are only known to belong to {3,4},
# some known to belong to {5,6,7} and some belong to {6,7,8,9}.
prior<-rep(1,9)
init<-rep(1/9,9)
n<-110
block.temp<-block.gibbs(complete,missing,ms,prior,init,n) # obtain 110 samples
apply(block.temp[,11:110],1,mean) # burn-in is 10 and obtain the posterior mean
```

[Package BGSIMD version 1.0 Index]