kernel.beta.evenness {BAT}R Documentation

Functional beta diversity evenness using kernel density hypervolumes.

Description

Difference of evenness between pairs of sites, measuring the regularity of stochastic points distribution within the total functional space.

Usage

kernel.beta.evenness(comm)

Arguments

comm

A 'HypervolumesList' object, preferably built using function kernel.build.

Details

This measure is simply the pairwise difference of evenness calculated based on the functional evenness (Mason et al., 2005) of a n-dimensional hypervolume, namely the regularity of stochastic points distribution within the total trait space (Mammola & Cardoso, 2020). Evenness is calculated as the overlap between the observed hypervolume and a theoretical hypervolume where traits and abundances are evenly distributed within the range of their values (Carmona et al., 2016, 2019).

Value

Distance matrix between sites.

References

Carmona, C.P., de Bello, F., Mason, N.W.H. & Leps, J. (2016) Traits without borders: integrating functional diversity across scales. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 31: 382-394.

Carmona, C.P., de Bello, F., Mason, N.W.H. & Leps, J. (2019) Trait probability density (TPD): measuring functional diversity across scales based on TPD with R. Ecology, 100: e02876.

Mason, N.W.H., Mouillot, D., Lee, W.G. & Wilson, J.B. (2005) Functional richness, functional evenness and functional divergence: the primary components of functional diversity. Oikos, 111: 112-118.

Mammola, S. & Cardoso, P. (2020) Functional diversity metrics using kernel density n-dimensional hypervolumes. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 11: 986-995.

Examples

## Not run: 
comm <- rbind(c(1,1,1,1,1), c(1,1,1,1,1), c(0,0,1,1,1),c(0,0,1,1,1))
colnames(comm) = c("SpA","SpB","SpC","SpD", "SpE")
rownames(comm) = c("Site 1","Site 2","Site 3","Site 4")

trait <- cbind(c(2.2,4.4,6.1,8.3,3),c(0.5,1,0.5,0.4,4),c(0.7,1.2,0.5,0.4,5),c(0.7,2.2,0.5,0.3,6))
colnames(trait) = c("Trait 1","Trait 2","Trait 3","Trait 4")
rownames(trait) = colnames(comm)

hvlist = kernel.build(comm, trait)
kernel.beta.evenness(hvlist)
hvlist = kernel.build(comm, trait, axes = 0.9)
kernel.beta.evenness(hvlist)

## End(Not run)

[Package BAT version 2.6.0 Index]