simDemoDynocc {AHMbook}R Documentation

Simulate data under a demographic dynamic occupancy model

Description

Function to simulate detection/nondetection data under a variant of the demographic occupancy (or 'local survival') model of Roth & Amrhein (2010). Data are simulated in an 'unconditional' manner, i.e., for each site from first to last year. All parameters can be made year-dependent by specification of a range within which annual values will be drawn from uniform distributions.

Usage

simDemoDynocc(nsites = 100, nyears = 10, nvisits = 5, psi1 = 0.6,
    range.phi = c(0.2, 0.9), range.r = c(0, 0.4), range.p = c(0.1, 0.9),
    show.plot=TRUE)

Arguments

nsites

Number of sites.

nyears

Number of years (or 'seasons', as they are somewhat confusingly often called in the occupancy literature).

nvisits

Number of replicate surveys (= occasions) within a year.

psi1

occupancy probability in first year.

range.phi

bounds of uniform distribution from which annual local probability of persistence is randomly drawn.

range.r

bounds of uniform distribution from which annual local probability of colonization is randomly drawn.

range.p

bounds of uniform distribution from which annual probability of detection is randomly drawn.

show.plot

If TRUE, plots of results are displayed; set to FALSE if running simulations.

Value

A list with the values of the arguments input and the following additional elements:

phi

persistence for each interval, a vector of length nyears - 1

r

colonization for each interval, a vector of length nyears - 1

p

detection probability for each year, a vector of length nyears

z

true occurrence state, a nsites x nyears matrix of 0/1

y

the observed detection history, a nsites x nvisits x nyears array

f

year of first detection, a vector of length nsites

nocc.true

the true number of occupied sites, a vector of length nyears

nocc.true

the observed number of occupied sites, a vector of length nyears

Author(s)

Marc Kéry & Andy Royle

References

Roth, T. & Amrhein, V. (2010), Estimating individual survival using territory occupancy data on unmarked animals. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 386-392.

Kéry, M. & Royle, J.A. (2021) Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology AHM2 - 4.

Examples

# Generate data with the default arguments and look at the structure:
str(data <- simDemoDynocc() )                # Implicit defaults
str(data <- simDemoDynocc(psi1 = 1))         # All sites initially occupied
str(data <- simDemoDynocc(nsites = 1000))    # Plenty more sites
str(data <- simDemoDynocc(nyears = 100))     # Plenty more years
str(data <- simDemoDynocc(nvisits = 20))     # Plenty more visits
str(data <- simDemoDynocc(range.phi = c(0.8, 0.8))) # Constant survival
str(data <- simDemoDynocc(range.phi = c(0.2,0.3), range.r = c(0,0.2))) # Decline
str(data <- simDemoDynocc(range.phi = c(0.8,1), range.r = c(0.5,0.7))) # Increase
str(data <- simDemoDynocc(nvisits = 1))      # Single visit
str(data <- simDemoDynocc(range.p = c(1,1))) # Perfect detection

[Package AHMbook version 0.2.3 Index]